HYM Course 2016 will be offered at Highlands Research
Station, Highlands, North Carolina, USA. The
facility is quite extraordinary, and this quote from the Highland's website is
noteworthy: "Highlands, and its immediate surroundings, are arguably the most
biologically significant area in the Appalachian Mountains. The Station is
located near the crest of the Blue Ridge on a high plateau at an elevation of
4,000 feet (1,200 m); the town advertises itself as the "highest incorporated
town east of the Rocky Mountains." The main objective of the course is to
provide participants with knowledge and experience in identifying parasitic and
predatory wasps, sawflies, wood wasps, bees, and ants. We will also present
information on the natural history of wasps, bees, and ants, and that
information will be reinforced with fieldwork. Techniques used to collect,
rear, preserve, and curate wasps, bees, and ants will be presented in a
hands-on manner to allow participants to learn directly by doing.
of the World: an Identification Guide to Families, edited by H. Goulet
and J. Huber, 1993, is the main reference used for the course. This book provides
well-illustrated keys to all superfamilies and families, as well as subfamilies
in some cases. Recommended texts/online resources for the course are:
1. Goulet, H. and J. T. Huber. 1993. Hymenoptera
of the World: an Identification Guide to Families. Agriculture Canada,
Ottawa. 668 pp.
2. Gibson, G. A. P., J. T. Huber, and J. B. Woolley. 1997. Annotated Keys
to the Genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). NRC Research Press,
Ottawa. 794 pp.
3. Wharton, R. A., P. M. Marsh, and M. J. Sharkey. 1997. Manual of the New
World Genera of the Family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Special Publication No. 1.
International Society of Hymenopterists, Washington, D.C. 439 pp.
4. van Achterberg, C. 1993. Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the
Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zoologische Verhandelingen
5. An online version of the key portion of: Grissell, E. E. and M. E. Schauff.
handbook of the families of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Entomological
Society of Washington (Washington, D.C.) Handbook 1: 1-85.
A few copies of references 1–3 listed above will be available for use at the
course; reference 1 can be downloaded prior to the course. Participants will be
given updated printouts of pertinent sections for the references listed above
(e.g., keys and corresponding illustrations). In some cases, new keys that are
in preparation may be used. We encourage participants to acquire these
references independently in advance of the course if possible.
The HYM Course Flyer